One of the most important step in a couple's life is to start a family. Couples are excited and try their best to conceive a baby. However, after trying really hard―charting out ovulation periods and having regular sexual intercourse―many couples are unable to get positive results. Only after about 6 months to 1 year of trying, do most couples approach their doctor for help. Why the delay in seeking help from a doctor? This is because not many women are aware of the signs of fertility problems they may be suffering from. In spite of regular menstruation, there are chances women may have some fertility issues. Let us take a look at some of the troubling signs that will help you understand and address this problem as soon as possible.
Symptoms of Fertility Issues in Women
The inability to conceive after having regular, unprotected sexual intercourse is called infertility. Many couples fail to notice the signs of infertility and continue trying in vain. If women over the age of 35 years, cannot conceive after trying for 6 months, they should speak to a doctor, as their age can be a reason for infertility. Mentioned below are the ways through which your body tells you that there is a problem that needs to be resolved.
Irregular Menstrual Cycle
As mentioned above, even if you do undergo a monthly period, there are chances of fertility problems. If your monthly cycle is too short (less than 24 days) or too long (more than 35 days), it may be a cause of worry. However, occasionally late or early periods do not always indicate fertility issues. Seek the help of a gynecologist for more details.
Menstrual Bleeding Issues
A very heavy or light bleeding pattern during menstruation may also signify trouble. Bleeding for 3 to 7 days indicates a normal cycle. However, bleeding for more than 7 days or suffering from intense painful cramps, indicates problem. Severe menstruation symptoms like cramps, heavy bleeding, and long duration of bleeding may be a sign of fertility problem.
Women who are overweight or underweight may suffer from infertility, as both conditions may lower the chances of conceiving. This is because the body weight affects the hormonal level in the body. Make sure you maintain an ideal body weight to overcome problems related to fertility, and other health problems due to weight issues.
Underlying Chronic Health Problems
Women who suffer from hypothyroidism, diabetes, depression, peptic ulcers, etc., may be prone to infertility. If you do suffer from these problems, speak to your healthcare provider to avoid giving you medications that pose a threat to your conception.
Women who suffer from recurrent miscarriages are considered to be suffering from fertility problems. If the third consecutive pregnancy also ends up in a miscarriage, it can be taken as a sign of infertility.
Cancer and STDs
Women who have suffered from cancer in the past may have problems in becoming a mother; chemotherapy may have affected their ability to conceive. Also, those women who have suffered from an STD infection such as, chlamydia, gonorrhea, etc., may also find it difficult to become pregnant.
Reasons for Infertility
We had a look at the telltale signs. But, what could be the causal factors leading to infertility? The following points will help you understand the causes behind this health problem.
Endometriosis is a condition that causes the tissues within the uterus to grow outside the uterus. In most cases, there are no symptoms of endometriosis. In some cases, it may cause painful menstruation cycle, painful intercourse, and pelvic pain. In these conditions, the doctor may try to remove the tissues surgically and unblock the Fallopian tubes. Fertility drugs and artificial insemination may be tried to help one conceive.
Problems with Ovulation Cycle
Many women suffer from ovulation problems that do not allow mature eggs to be released into the uterus. The symptoms of this condition includes abnormally light or heavy periods, infrequent menstruation cycle, etc. Fertility drugs and in vitro fertilization (IVF) may help one get pregnant.
Fallopian Tube Blockage
In some cases, the Fallopian tube is blocked or damaged. This does not allow the sperm to travel up to the egg and fertilize it. This may occur due to pelvic inflammatory disease, STD infection, etc. In this case, surgery may be carried out to remove the blockage and in vitro fertilization may help one in conceiving.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
The polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that prevents the growth of ovaries. This condition occurs along with hormonal imbalance and irregular ovulation pattern. Irregular periods, acne, and obesity may indicate the presence of PCOS. Such women are asked to reduce weight and are prescribed fertility drugs to improve their chances of conceiving.
If you feel you have tried your best to conceive, and are not successful, then you should speak to a gynecologist for more details. Do not delay, as your condition may be treatable and medical help may get you pregnant soon enough.