Apr 23, 2013

World's Oldest 4,500 Year Old Harbor Uncovered in Egypt

Archaeologists has discovered the oldest harbor ever uncovered in Egypt along with oldest papyri in country's history. Papyrus is first known to have been used in ancient Egypt.

“These are the oldest papyri ever found in Egypt,” Minister of State for Antiquities Mohamed Ibrahim announced.

According to Egypt's State Information Service, a team of French-Egyptian mission team has discovered 4,500 year old parts of Egyptian harbor in Wadi-Jarf.

Additionally, the archaeologists discovered few anchors carved of stone, storage jars, fragments of rope and pieces of pottery as well.

Wadi al-Jarf is the present name for an area on the Red Sea coast that is the site of the oldest known port on the world, dating to the Fourth Dynasty of Egypt.

The ancient wharf and surrounding structures are located 112 miles south of Suez and have been dated to the reign of the Pharaoh Khufu.

Khufu, originally Khnum-Khufu, is the birth name of an ancient Egyptian pharaoh, who ruled in the 4th dynasty of the Old Kingdom, around 2580 B.C.

One papyrus included a detail of the daily activities of an official named Merrer, who was leading the construction of the Great Pyramid.

“[Merrer] mainly reported about his many trips to the Tura limestone quarry to fetch block for the building of the pyramid,” said Pierre Tallet, Egyptologist at the University of Paris-Sorbonne and director of the archaeological mission, in an interview with Discovery News. “This diary provides for the first time an insight on this matter,” Tallet said.


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